Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

    Teach the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with Strawbees projects.

    Developed by the United Nations the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) blueprint is based on global needs to create a more sustainable world by 2030. Visit the SDGs page reviewing student resources matched to the 17 Global Goals.

    Sustainable Tinkering

    The idea for Strawbees sprouted when inventor and co-founder of Strawbees, Erik Thorstensson, transformed plastic scrap into clothespin-like connectors while play-prototyping with children in India to create and build with using the die cutting machine now known as the Sustainability Station. With this exciting discovery, Thorstensson also imagined how a single-use straw could be repurposed as a building block for creation over consumption.

    Thus began the innovative journey from straws and connectors to create Strawbees with the grand vision in hands-on learning starting with waste and found materials. As the company progressed through the stages of inventing, reinventing, and now growing as a global leader in hands-on STEAM education.

    We are a company full of young aspirational engineers, environmentalists, developers, creatives and educators. To aim for a closed-loop system and to reduce, reuse and recycle is simply part of our DNA.
    Erik Thorstensson, our Chief Innovation Officer and Inventor behind Strawbees

    With a mechanical engineer specialized in environmental product design as a founder, Strawbees has stayed true to one of its core values, sustainability, in its on-going practice and research for the future. In creating with Strawbees, teachers and students have the unique opportunity to join in the process of sustainable tinkering, creating designs that are reusable, recyclable, and that reduce the use of waste materials.

    1 - No Poverty

    End poverty in all its forms everywhere.


    1.1 By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day

    1.2 By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions

    1.3 Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable

    1.4 By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance

    1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters

    1.A Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions

    1.B Create sound policy frameworks at the national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies, to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication actions

    2- Zero Hunger

    Zero Hunger

    End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture.


    2.1 By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round.

    2.2 By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons.

    2.3 By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment.

    2.4 By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality.

    2.5 By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed.

    2.A Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries.

    2.B Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets, including through the parallel elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies and all export measures with equivalent effect, in accordance with the mandate of the Doha Development Round.

    2.C Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility.

    3 - Good Health and Well-Being

    Good Health and Well-Being

    Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.


    3.1 By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births.

    3.2 By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births.

    3.3 By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases.

    3.4 By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being.

    3.5 Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol.

    3.6 By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents.

    3.7 By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes.

    3.8 Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all.

    3.9 By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination.

    3.A Strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries, as appropriate.

    3.B Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and noncommunicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights regarding flexibilities to protect public health, and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all.

    3.C Substantially increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in least developed countries and small island developing States.

    3.D Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in particular developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health risks.

    4 - Quality Education

    Quality Education

    Ensure inclusive and quality education for all and promote lifelong learning.


    4.1 By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and Goal-4 effective learning outcomes

    4.2 By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care and preprimary education so that they are ready for primary education

    4.3 By 2030, ensure equal access for all women and men to affordable and quality technical, vocational and tertiary education, including university

    4.4 By 2030, substantially increase the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills, including technical and vocational skills, for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship

    4.5 By 2030, eliminate gender disparities in education and ensure equal access to all levels of education and vocational training for the vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples and children in vulnerable situations

    4.6 By 2030, ensure that all youth and a substantial proportion of adults, both men and women, achieve literacy and numeracy

    4.7 By 2030, ensure that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, including, among others, through education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence, global citizenship and appreciation of cultural diversity and of culture’s contribution to sustainable development

    4.A Build and upgrade education facilities that are child, disability and gender sensitive and provide safe, nonviolent, inclusive and effective learning environments for all

    4.B By 2020, substantially expand globally the number of scholarships available to developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States and African countries, for enrolment in higher education, including vocational training and information and communications technology, technical, engineering and scientific programmes, in developed countries and other developing countries

    4.C By 2030, substantially increase the supply of qualified teachers, including through international cooperation for teacher training in developing countries, especially least developed countries and small island developing states

    5 - Gender Equality

    Gender Equality

    Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.


    5.1 End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere

    5.2 Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation

    5.3 Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation

    5.4 Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate

    5.5 Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decisionmaking in political, economic and public life

    5.6 Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences

    5.A Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws

    5.B Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women

    5.C Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels

    6 - Clean Water and Sanitation

    Clean Water and Sanitation

    Ensure access to water and sanitation for all.


    6.1 By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all

    6.2 By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations

    6.3 By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally

    6.4 By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity

    6.5 By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate

    6.6 By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes

    6.A By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies

    6.B Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management

    7 - Affordable and Clean Energy

    Affordable and Clean Energy

    Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.


    7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services

    7.2 By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix

    7.3 By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency

    7.A By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology

    7.B By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States, and land-locked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programmes of support

    8 - Decent Work and Economic Growth

    Decent Work and Economic Growth

    Promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth, employment and decent work for all.


    8.1 Sustain per capita economic growth in accordance with national circumstances and, in particular, at least 7 per cent gross domestic product growth per annum in the least developed countries

    8.2 Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors

    8.3 Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services

    8.4 Improve progressively, through 2030, global resource efficiency in consumption and production and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, in accordance with the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, with developed countries taking the lead

    8.5 By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value

    8.6 By 2020, substantially reduce the proportion of youth not in employment, education or training

    8.7 Take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms

    8.8 Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments for all workers, including migrant workers, in particular women migrants, and those in precarious employment

    8.9 By 2030, devise and implement policies to promote sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products

    8.10 Strengthen the capacity of domestic financial institutions to encourage and expand access to banking, insurance and financial services for all

    8.A Increase Aid for Trade support for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, including through the Enhanced Integrated Framework for Trade-Related Technical Assistance to Least Developed Countries

    8.B By 2020, develop and operationalize a global strategy for youth employment and implement the Global Jobs Pact of the International Labour Organization

    9 - Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure

    Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure

    Build resilient infrastructure, promote sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.


    9.1 Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all

    9.2 Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in least developed countries

    9.3 Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets

    9.4 By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities

    9.5 Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending

    9.A Facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastructure development in developing countries through enhanced financial, technological and technical support to African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States 18

    9.B Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries, including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities

    9.C Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020

    10 - Reduced Inequalities

    Reduced Inequalities

    Reduce inequality within and among countries.


    10.1 By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average

    10.2 By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status

    10.3 Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard

    10.4 Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality

    10.5 Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen the implementation of such regulations

    10.6 Ensure enhanced representation and voice for developing countries in decision-making in global international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions

    10.7 Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies

    10.A Implement the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, in accordance with World Trade Organization agreements

    10.B Encourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes

    10.C By 2030, reduce to less than 3 percent the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5 percent

    11 - Sustainable Cities and Communities

    Sustainable Cities and Communities

    Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.


    11.1 By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums

    11.2 By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons

    11.3 By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries

    11.4 Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage

    11.5 By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations

    11.6 By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management

    11.7 By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities

    11.A Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning

    11.B By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels

    11.C Support least developed countries, including through financial and technical assistance, in building sustainable and resilient buildings utilizing local materials

    12 - Responsible Consumption and Production

    Responsible Consumption and Production

    Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.


    12.1 Implement the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries

    12.2 By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources

    12.3 By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses

    12.4 By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment

    12.5 By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse

    12.6 Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle

    12.7 Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities

    12.8 By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature

    12.A Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production

    12.B Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products

    12.C Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities

    13 - Climate Action

    Climate Action

    Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts.


    13.1 Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries

    13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning

    13.3 Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning

    13.A Implement the commitment undertaken by developed-country parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to a goal of mobilizing jointly $100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible

    13.B Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries and small island developing States, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities

    *Acknowledging that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is the primary international, intergovernmental forum for negotiating the global response to climate change

    14 - Life Below Water

    Life Below Water

    Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources.


    14.1 By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution

    14.2 By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans

    14.3 Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels

    14.4 By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics

    14.5 By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information

    14.6 By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation

    14.7 By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism

    14.A Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries

    14.B Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets

    14.C Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want

    15 - Life on Land

    Life on Land

    Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss.


    15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements

    15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally

    15.3 By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world

    15.4 By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development

    15.5 Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species

    15.6 Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed

    15.7 Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products

    15.8 By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species

    15.9 By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts

    15.A Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems

    15.B Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation

    15.C Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities

    16 - Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions

    Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions

    Promote just, peaceful and inclusive societies.


    16.1 Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere

    16.2 End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children

    16.3 Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all

    16.4 By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime

    16.5 Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms

    16.6 Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels

    16.7 Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels

    16.8 Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance

    16.9 By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration

    16.10 Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements

    16.A Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime

    16.B Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development

    17 - Partnerships for the Goals

    Partnerships for the Goals

    Revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.



    17.1 Strengthen domestic resource mobilization, including through international support to developing countries, to improve domestic capacity for tax and other revenue collection

    17.2 Developed countries to implement fully their official development assistance commitments, including the commitment by many developed countries to achieve the target of 0.7 per cent of ODA/GNI to developing countries and 0.15 to 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries ODA providers are encouraged to consider setting a target to provide at least 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries

    17.3 Mobilize additional financial resources for developing countries from multiple sources

    17.4 Assist developing countries in attaining long-term debt sustainability through coordinated policies aimed at fostering debt financing, debt relief and debt restructuring, as appropriate, and address the external debt of highly indebted poor countries to reduce debt distress

    17.5 Adopt and implement investment promotion regimes for least developed countries


    17.6 Enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms, including through improved coordination among existing mechanisms, in particular at the United Nations level, and through a global technology facilitation mechanism

    17.7 Promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed

    17.8 Fully operationalize the technology bank and science, technology and innovation capacity-building mechanism for least developed countries by 2017 and enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology

    Capacity building

    17.9 Enhance international support for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building in developing countries to support national plans to implement all the sustainable development goals, including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation


    17.10 Promote a universal, rules-based, open, non-discriminatory and equitable multilateral trading system under the World Trade Organization, including through the conclusion of negotiations under its Doha Development Agenda

    17.11 Significantly increase the exports of developing countries, in particular with a view to doubling the least developed countries’ share of global exports by 2020

    17.12 Realize timely implementation of duty-free and quota-free market access on a lasting basis for all least developed countries, consistent with World Trade Organization decisions, including by ensuring that preferential rules of origin applicable to imports from least developed countries are transparent and simple, and contribute to facilitating market access

    Systemic issues

    Policy and institutional coherence

    17.13 Enhance global macroeconomic stability, including through policy coordination and policy coherence

    17.14 Enhance policy coherence for sustainable development

    17.15 Respect each country’s policy space and leadership to establish and implement policies for poverty eradication and sustainable development

    Multi-stakeholder partnerships

    17.16 Enhance the global partnership for sustainable development, complemented by multi-stakeholder partnerships that mobilize and share knowledge, expertise, technology and financial resources, to support the achievement of the sustainable development goals in all countries, in particular developing countries

    17.17 Encourage and promote effective public, public-private and civil society partnerships, building on the experience and resourcing strategies of partnerships

    Data, monitoring and accountability

    17.18 By 2020, enhance capacity-building support to developing countries, including for least developed countries and small island developing States, to increase significantly the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national contexts

    17.19 By 2030, build on existing initiatives to develop measurements of progress on sustainable development that complement gross domestic product, and support statistical capacity-building in developing countries

    Core Sustainable Development Goals

    With sustainability at the heart of its identity, Strawbees lessons and activity resources align with the 17 Sustainable Development Goals passed by the United Nations in the blueprint for Agenda 2030 for a more sustainable world. These goals are intended to end poverty, reduce inequality, ensure health, boost economies, and protect the environment. They are meant to protect people and build cooperative partnerships among nations. Across all articles and student resources in the Strawbees Classroom, Strawbees aims to uphold:

    • Goal 4 – Quality Education
    • Goal 5 – Gender Equality 
    • Goal 12 – Responsible Consumption and Production

    [1] Learn more about the individual Sustainable Development Goals at the official United Nations website here.

    Goal 4

    [2] Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all with Goal 4.

    The new Strawbees classroom builds upon our philosophy to create resources for quality education. The Strawbees Classroom is built with both the teachers and students in mind. Strawbees supports teachers, as they support and educate students, by developing relevant standards aligned curriculum, and creating a Classroom with all resources, activities, and lesson plans at their fingertips.

    Strawbees understands education as a global and common good, fundamental human right, and a way of realizing other rights. We achieve this goal by creating resources and content with flexible and inclusive learning opportunities for teachers with low entry barriers, a wide range of outcomes, and high expectations of what can be achieved for students using the Creative Learning Spiral from MIT’s Lifelong Kindergarten as the backbone of our lesson plans.

    [3] Kindergarten learning approach for student projects to iterate through the Creative Learning Spiral coined by Mitch Resnick of Lifelong Kindergarten.

    Students are also empowered as they iterate their projects with the Creative Learning Spiral across all Strawbees activities or in lesson plans. Through this hands-on learning, they come to recognize the intrinsic value of education and analyze and identify their own learning needs in their personal development.

    Goal 5

    [4] Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls with Goal 5.

    Strawbees play an important role in empowering girls to achieve their dreams. The founder of Girls Who Code, Reshma Saujani, founded the organization as part of her “mission to close the gender gap in tech.” In 2017, only 24% of computer scientists were women. As she stated in her Ted Talk, girls are often taught to value perfection over bravery and may be reluctant to take risks by taking coding and engineering classes in high school and college. Instead, Saujani relates, and we can empower girls and women by emphasizing bravery, rather than perfection. 

    In the latest guide for women in tech in 2023, Jennifer Gregory reports, "Less than one in five employees in the tech industry are women, despite the fact that women make up more than half of the U.S. workforce." [5]

    Strawbees approaches building, design, and coding, with a low risk, low frustration entry level. At the same time, the Learning Spiral helps all students, girls in particular, become accustomed to tinkering and persevering through problems and landing on several solutions. There is a level playing field which allows girls to quickly build the confidence they need to one day pursue opportunities and careers in STEM fields.

    Goal 12

    [6] Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns with Goal 12.

    Strawbees straws and connectors are durable and reusable in themselves, and enable educators and learners to make over and over again with these same materials. Students can rapidly prototype a lightweight design then quickly disassemble the build to create a new model. In addition, the straws are now prepared pre-cut, which supports responsible production in lessening waste from cutting the straws. 

    Students, in turn, can focus more of their time and energies on discovering new ideas, hands-on opportunities to learn, reiterating and refining designs, and growing communicative and collaborative skills as they imaginatively share about their Strawbees designs. Sustainable consumption with Strawbees also includes reimagining and repurposing items like cardboard, paper, and egg cartons. These materials can be creatively combined and continually repurposed with Strawbees straws and connectors to make curious and innovative three-dimensional builds of all shapes, scales, and sizes.

    Sustainability Station, a die cutting machine to make infinite amounts of connectors from found waste material.


    The Sustainable Development Goals are flexible and an excellent starting point for teachers who want to connect student learning experiences to real world problems. Engaging students with real world problems, such as those found in the SDGs, makes education more relevant and motivating for students. Motivation, itself, is a huge factor in predicting student success. 

    When browsing through, student resources focus on a single SDG while other lessons crossover with 2 or even 3 SDGs depending on the topics covered. Lessons in Strawbees Classroom include challenges featuring these SDGs:   

    • Goal 3 – Good Health and Wellness
    • Goal 6 – Clean Water and Sanitation
    • Goal 7 – Affordable and Clean Energy
    • Goal 9 – Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
    • Goal 10 – Reduced Inequalities
    • Goal 11 – Sustainable Cities and Communities
    • Goal 12 – Responsible Consumption and Production
    • Goal 13 – Climate Action
    • Goal 17 – Partnerships for the Goals

    Whether teachers are just started with problem-based learning or already experienced practitioners, Strawbees and the Sustainable Development Goals make learning both engaging and relevant for students.

    Aligned Student Resources